The orientation of socio-economic space development according to the Resolution No. 138/NQ-CP of the Government

On 25/10/2022, the Government issued the Resolution No. 138/NQ-CP on the National Master Plan for the period of 2021 - 2030, with a vision to 2050.

Regarding the content of orientation for socio-economic space development: According to the Resolution, on the basis of current key economic regions, to select some areas with the most favorable conditions to form national dynamic zones including: Hanoi - Hai Phong - Quang Ninh Triangle, Ho Chi Minh City - Binh Duong - Dong Nai - Ba Ria - Vung Tau Quadrilateral, the coastal areas of Thua Thien - Hue - Da Nang - Quang Nam - Quang Ngai and Can Tho - An Giang - Kien Giang Triangle (including Phu Quoc) with the respective growth poles of each region being Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang, Can Tho, specifically:

+ The Northern dynamic region (Hanoi - Hai Phong - Quang Ninh Triangle):

To develop the Northern key economic region, focus on the Hanoi-Hai Phong-Quang Ninh Triangle, along the national highway No. 5 and national highway No. 18, in which, the Hanoi capital is the growth pole; playing an important role in the development of the Northern region and international connection.

To build the Northern dynamic region into a national center of science, technology and innovation; take the lead in the development of science, technology, innovation, digital economy, digital society, digital government; develop a number of modern and high-quality service industries; processing and manufacturing industries with high added value, participate in the global production chain; marine economic center with shipping industries, sea and island tourism, maritime economy and new marine economic sectors.

+ The Southern dynamic region (Ho Chi Minh City - Binh Duong - Dong Nai - Ba Ria - Vung Tau Quadrilateral):

To develop the Southern key economic region, focus on the Ho Chi Minh City - Binh Duong - Dong Nai - Ba Ria - Vung Tau Quadrangle, in which Ho Chi Minh City is the growth pole; playing an important role in the development of the Southern region and international connection.

To build the Southern dynamic region to become a center of economy, finance, trade, service, education - training and development of high-quality human resources, science and technology, innovation, transformation at number one in the country and Southeast Asia. To focus on strongly developing science, technology and innovation ecosystem, take the lead in transforming growth models, build digital economy and digital society. To strongly develop financial services, banking, science and technology, logistics. To attract investment in high-tech industries, software parks, artificial intelligence. To develop marine economy such as logistics services, oil and gas exploitation and processing, sea tourism.

+ The central dynamic region (the coastal area of ​​Thua Thien - Hue - Da Nang - Quang Nam - Quang Ngai)

To develop the central key economic region, focus on the coastal area of ​​Thua Thien-Hue-Da Nang-Quang Nam-Quang Ngai to become a high-quality center of service, industry, training, healthcare, science and technology; logistics and marine tourism center; in which, Da Nang city is the growth pole; playing an important role in linking and promoting the development of the Central coast and Central Highlands.

To continue to form and develop a system of coastal urban arears, marine tourism and eco-tourism centers of regional and international stature; the national center of petrochemical refining industry, automobile industry - supporting mechanical industry, high-tech park. To develop seaports and seaport services, infrastructure and logistics service centers for fisheries.

+ The dynamic region of the Mekong Delta (Can Tho - An Giang - Kien Giang Triangle)

To develop key economic zone in the Mekong Delta, focus on the Can Tho - An Giang - Kien Giang Triangle, in which Can Tho city is the growth pole, promoting socio-economic development in the Mekong delta and the surrounding area.

To build the dynamic region of the Mekong Delta into a center of services, tourism, logistics, industry serving agriculture. To develop the food and foodstuffs processing industry, mechanics and chemicals in service of agriculture. To form focal centers on agriculture associated with specialized farming areas; build the region into a science and technology center on national agricultural and agricultural services. To develop marine economy, focus on building Phu Quoc into a strong international marine eco-tourism and service center; connect with major economic centers in the region and the world.

+ To gradually build and form dynamic zones in the Northern midland and mountainous region, the North central region, and the Central Highlands. In the period after 2030, study and add Khanh Hoa and Soc Trang provinces to the national dynamic regions when suitable conditions are available.

* Development orientation and spatial distribution of some key industries

+ Industry

To develop an industry with high international competitiveness, capable of deeply participating in global production networks and value chains; realize the goal that by 2030, to become a developing country with modern industry, improve the autonomy of the economy. To focus on developing a number of fundamental industries to meet the needs of the economy's basic means of production such as energy industry, mechanical engineering, mining, metallurgy, chemicals, fertilizers, and materials... Priority is given to the development of high-tech industries (electronics, semiconductor chip production, biological industry...), digital technology, new technologies; focus on developing information technology industry, processing and manufacturing industry for agriculture... To promote the development of supporting industries, strengthen linkages between Vietnamese enterprises and foreign-invested ones. To develop green industries, associated with the circular economy model, cleaner production, economical and efficient use of resources.

To arrange industrial space in the direction associated with urban systems and service centers to form economic corridors and dynamic zones. To expand the industrial development space to the west of the North-South Expressway to the east, the midlands to reduce pressure on land use in the delta and mitigate the impact of climate change. To develop the mining and processing industry in association with raw material and resource zones; expand industrial clusters (agricultural, forestry, fishery processing, processing and supporting industry...) associated with development centers in rural areas. To distribute industrial zones and clusters with reasonable scale, focus on specialized fields, and combine production with industrial services; develop industrial complexes specialized in these fields. To form modern industrial - service - urban zones; ensure the synchronous connection between the industrial park and the system of technical and social infrastructure works.

+ Service

To develop the service sector accounting for a large proportion of the economy with quality, efficiency, high competitiveness and international integration. To build service, commercial, financial, banking centers... of regional and international stature in big cities, in association with the development of dynamic zones and economic corridors.

To develop domestic trade in the direction of modernity, civilization and sustainability, and build brands of Vietnamese goods; restructure towards innovation and digitization of business methods. To develop synchronous and modern commercial infrastructure suitable to the characteristics and conditions of each region. To firmly develop international trade in sync with the development of industrialization, exploit the maximum benefits from globalization. To strongly develop e-commerce. To form large logistics centers associated with large seaports, airports and international border gates.

To form tourism development driving areas, national and regional tourism centers with particularly attractive tourism resources, regional and international competitiveness to promote and spread the tourism development in the region and the whole country.

+ Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

To develop a highly competitive agricultural economy of the leading group in the region and the world with efficient commodity production areas with appropriate scale based on regional and local advantages; firmly ensure national food security and adapt to climate change. To develop agriculture according to value chains, industry clusters, associated with the processing industry and develop agricultural and rural tourism; implement digital transformation to promote organizational innovation and improve agricultural production efficiency. To flexibly allow to change the structure of crops and livestock on rice land but not change the nature and conditions of rice land use so that it can be converted back to rice cultivation when it is necessary.

To develop the Mekong Delta into a sustainable, dynamic and highly efficient agricultural economic center of the country, region and the world; develop key products in the direction of increasing the proportion of aquatic products, fruits and reducing the proportion of rice reasonably. The Red River Delta region develops agriculture towards high efficiency, organic, urban-serving agriculture, associated with new rural construction. To increase the area of ​​fruit trees, protect forests and develop the forestry economy, in association with the processing industry in the Central Highlands, the Northern midlands and mountains. For coastal areas, develop coastal aquaculture in combination with planting and protecting mangrove forests; gradually reduce the level of fishing in the high seas, rearrange the livelihoods of the fishing community to develop aquaculture and seafood processing and tourism services.

Source: Hoang Ha